To Fry Fish
After the fish is well cleansed, lay it on a folded towel and dry out all the water; when well wiped and dry, roll it in wheat flour, rolled crackers, grated stale bread or Indian meal, whichever may be preferred; Sperry's flour will generally be liked. Have a thick-bottomed frying-pan with plenty of sweet lard salted (a tablespoonful of salt to each pound of lard) for fresh fish which have not been previously salted ; let it become boiling hot, then lay the fish in and let it fry gently until one side is a fine, delicate brown, then turn the other; when both are done take it up carefully and serve quickly, or keep it covered with a tin cover, and set the dish where it will keep hot.
To Broil Fish
Rub the bars of your gridiron with dripping or a piece of beef suet, to prevent the fish from sticking. Put a good piece of butter into a dish, enough salt and peper to season the fish. Lay the fish on it when it is broiled, and with a knife put the butter over every part. Serve very hot.
To Bake Fish Whole
Cut off the head and split the fish down nearly to the tail ; prepare a dressing of bread, butter, pepper and salt, moisten with a little water. Fill the dish with this dressing, and bind it together with a piece of string; lay the fish on a bake-pan and pour round it a little water and melted butter. Baste frequently. A good-sized fish will bake in an hour. Serve with the gravy of the fish, drawn butter.
1 quart milk
4 tablespoons butter or other fat
1 small onion, minced
4 tablespoons flour
2 cups cooked fish
Salt and pepper
Scald the minced onion in milk. Make a white sauce of the milk, flour, and butter. Rub the cooked fish through a sieve. Combine the fish and sauce. Season and serve.
l/4 pound fat salt pork, sliced
3 cups boiling water
2 cups raw fish, cut in dice
1 pint milk
6 small potatoes, sliced
3 pilot biscuit
2 onions, chopped fine
Fry salt pork in a deep kettle. When crisp remove pieces of pork and put fish, potatoes and onions in kettle. Cover with the boiling water. Simmer one-half hour, or until the potato is tender. Add the milk and cook five minutes longer. Season with salt and pepper. Just before serving, add the pilot biscuit.
Fish Chowder 2
Two pounds of fresh white fish, a quarter of a pound of bacon, five small potatoes, one small onion, six tomatoes, one quart of milk, butter the size of a small hen's egg and a teaspoon Sperry flour. Pick the fish to pieces. Remove the bone and skin ; cut potatoes into small squares ; the bacon in small pieces ; rub the butter and flour to a cream. Spread in a granite kettle half of the potatoes, then half of the fish, then sprinkle in the minced onions, then the bacon, then half of the tomatoes. Then a shake of salt and pepper; add the rest of the fish, tomatoes, potatoes, and more salt and pepper, using in all one teaspoon of salt and one-fourth teaspoon of pepper. Cover with water, let simmer for half an hour. Scald the milk, put a pinch of soda into the chowder and stir; add the hot milk to the butter and flour; stir smooth; then add to the chowder. Serve very hot.
1 pound of small fish
Salt and pepper
3 tablespoons flour
Cook the fish and mash them. Beat the yolks of the eggs until light and thick then add, little by little, the flour, salt, pepper, the minced garlic and parsley, and the fish. Lastly add the whites of the eggs beaten to a froth. Drop spoonfuls of this mixture into hot fat (3 60 -370 F.) and fry to a golden brown.
l l /2 pounds fish
Salt and pepper
l / 2 cup tomato-juice
1 teaspoon butter or other fat
1 small pimiento
Finely chopped onion
6 tablespoons rice
Select a fish with firm flesh, clean the skin and rub well with a slice of lemon. Melt the fat, add the onion and the fish and cook to a golden brown. Season with salt and pepper, add the tomato-juice, a bit of lemon-rind, and the pimiento finely cut. While the fish is cooking, cook the rice in boiling salted water until tender. Make a crown of rice on a platter, place the fish in the center, pour the gravy over it, and garnish with thin slices of lemon.
2 cups cooked fish
1 teaspoon salt
1 cup thick white sauce
Drain the fish and tear into small bits. Add the salt, the beaten egg-yolks, the white sauce, and the beaten egg-whites.
Pour into a greased baking-dish and bake in a moderate oven (3 50 -400 F.) for twenty or thirty minutes.
FISH EN COQUILLES
1 cup left-over fish
1 chopped onion
8 mussels or clams
Salt and pepper
1/2 cup bread-crumbs
3 tablespoons butter or other fat
10 tablespoons milk
1 clove garlic
1 teaspoon chopped parsley
Chop the fish with the mussels or clams. Add the crumbs which have been soaked in two tablespoons of milk, and the garlic, parsley, onions, salt and pepper. Melt the fat and when hot add the mixture and cook several minutes. Stir in one- half cup of milk and fill small ramekins or scallop shells. Cover with buttered crumbs and bake in a moderate oven (3 50 -400 F.) about fifteen minutes. Serve the dishes on a platter or on individual plates.
1 cup cooked fish, fresh or canned
l /2 cup milk
1 cup mashed potatoes
Salt and pepper
Mix cold cooked fish with mashed potatoes, milk, salt and pepper. Stir in one egg, well beaten. Put into an oiled mold or dish and set in the oven until hot. Beat the white of the other egg stiff and stir into it the beaten yolk seasoned with salt and pepper; heap this over the fish and brown.
1 cup cooked fish, fresh or canned
2 cups milk or cream
l /2 cup butter or other fat
l /2 cup cooked mushrooms
Salt, pepper and nutmeg
1 cup bread-crumbs
Use any delicate fish, such as halibut, whitefish, cusk or salmon. Remove the bones and skin, and pound the meat very fine, so it may be rubbed through a soup-strainer. Mushrooms mixed with the fish before it is strained will greatly improve its flavor.
Cook bread-crumbs ten minutes in milk or cream. Remove from fire and add melted butter or other fat, salt, pepper or paprika and a few gratings of nutmeg. When this is cold, add the fish, beat the whole thoroughly, add the eggs, also well beaten, and place the mixture in a greased or oiled mold. Cover the mold with oiled paper, set it in a deep baking-pan, place it in the oven, and pour water into the pan until it is within one inch of the top of the mold. Cook for three-quarters of an hour at 250 F. Hollandaise and tomato sauce are both excellent to serve with fish timbale.
Season with salt and pepper, pint of any cold cooked fish; make thick cream sauce of milk, butter and Sperry flour, when cold mold it with the fish into shapes of cutlets. Put the cutlets first into cracker crumbs, then into egg and again into crumbs. Fry in hot fat until brown.
Fish Steaks Fried
Cut the slices of fresh fish three-quarters of an inch thick, sprinkle with Sperry flour, or cornmeal slightly salted or dip them in eggs lightly salted and roll in crumbs ; fry a light brown. Salmon or any other large fish can be fried this way.
The remnants of any cold fish can be used by breaking the fish to pieces with a fork, removing all the bones and skin, and shredding very fine. Add an equal quantity of mashed potatoes, make into a stiff batter with a piece of butter and some milk, and a beaten egg. Flour your hands and shape the mixture into balls. Fry in boiling lard or drippings, to a light brown.
Take remnants of boiled cod, salmon or halibut and pick the flesh out carefully. Mince it moderately fine. Stir a piece of butter, a small spoon Sperry flour and some milk over fire until they thicken. Then add pepper, salt and a little grated nutmeg, together with finely-chopped parsley, and then the minced fish. When very hot remove from the fire, turn on a dish to get cold, then shape and finish the croquettes.
Prepare a Cream Sauce, seasoning with grated onion, minced parsley, and powdered mace. Take from the fire, add the yolks of two eggs, and salt and pepper to taste. Put a layer of cold cooked flaked and seasoned fish into a buttered baking-dish, spread with the sauce, and repeat until the dish is full, having sauce on top. Sprinkle with crumbs, dot with butter, and brown in the oven. This may be baked in individual dishes if desired.
Prepare a fish stock from the skin, bones, and trimmings of fish, seasoning with bay-leaf, onion, mace, cloves, and garlic. Boil slowly for an hour in water to coyer. Chop the raw fish with a few blanched almonds and a little garlic. Season with salt, pepper, and mace, and shape into small balls. Strain the stock, bring it to the boil, drop the balls in, and simmer slowly for twenty minutes. Skim out the balls and put on ice. Beat six eggs thoroughly with a little cold water and add them gradually to the boiling stock. Cook in a double-boiler until smooth and thick. Take from the fire, add the juice of two lemons, and a tablespoonful of tarragon vinegar. Pour the sauce over the balls, sprinkle with capers and minced parsley, and serve very cold.
COLD BOILED FISH
Clean and skin a large fish and put on a piece of buttered paper in the bottom of a fish-pan. Add a sliced onion, two beans of garlic, and enough salted water to cover. Simmer until done. Take it up and squeeze over it the juice of a lemon. Boil two eggs hard, chop the whites fine and sift the yolks. Cut cold boiled beets in fancy shapes. Put a row of the chopped whites of eggs down the middle of the fish, on each side of that a row of the yolks, and next to the yolks a row of the beets. Pour over a French dressing, garnish with lettuce leaves, and serve.
FISH À LA BRUNSWICK
Cook any large fish in salted water, adding one cupful of vinegar, and sliced onions, celery root, and parsley to season. For the sauce mix the yolks of two hard-boiled eggs with the yolks of two raw eggs, add a teaspoonful of prepared mustard, and a little salt, pepper, vinegar, lemon-juice, chopped parsley, onion, capers, shallots, and chopped pickle. Mix to a smooth paste with oil, add the finely chopped whites of the eggs, spread over the drained fish, and serve.
FISH AUX BOUILLABAISSE
Heat a tablespoonful of sweet oil, cut a small piece of onion into bits, and let brown in the oil, add a cupful of strained tomatoes, a tiny bit of garlic, a bay-leaf, a little thyme, a lemon-peel, a dash of tabasco, a little tomato catsup, salt, pepper, parsley, and white wine; let this boil for half an hour, then add the fish and boil for twenty minutes. Serve on buttered toast with the sauce poured over. Garnish with parsley.
Cut into pieces and remove the bones from three pounds of fish, add six shrimps or one lobster or two crabs, cooked, and cut into large pieces, add one-half pint of olive-oil; fry lightly, and add one lemon and two tomatoes, one onion, and one carrot, all sliced, one pinch of saffron,—as much as lies on a ten cent piece,—a bay-leaf, and some parsley. A bean of garlic is used, unless the casserole is rubbed with it before cooking. Stir for ten minutes, add one cupful of stock and one wineglassful of white wine or cider. Cook for fifteen minutes longer, pour out into a bowl, place slices of toast in the casserole, and cover with the fish and vegetables, allowing the sauce sufficient time to soak into the toast, and adding salt and pepper to taste.
Put into a saucepan about four pounds of different varieties of fish, including one lobster. The fish should be cleaned and cut into small square pieces; the lobster should be cut in sections, leaving the shell on. Add a bunch of parsley, three sliced tomatoes, one large whole clove of garlic, chopped fine, three bay-leaves, half a dozen cloves, one teaspoonful of saffron, three sliced onions, one cupful of olive-oil, salt and pepper to season, and enough water to cover. Bring to the boil, and simmer for thirty minutes. Line a soup tureen with thin slices of toasted bread, pour the contents of the sauce over it, and serve in soup plates, with both forks and spoons. This is a genuine French recipe.
CANAPES OF FISH
Toast small squares of bread and make a border of stiffly beaten white of egg around each one, using a pastry bag and tube. Bake in a quick oven until light brown. Fill the centre with creamed fish and serve very hot.
Season hot mashed potatoes with salt, pepper, and butter, and add one beaten egg to each two cupfuls of potatoes. Add an equal amount of cold cooked flaked fish and enough Cream or Drawn-Butter Sauce to make a smooth mixture. Shape into small flat cakes, dredge with seasoned flour, and sauté in bacon fat. Serve with a garnish of fried bacon.
Chop the cooked fish and season with grated onion, sweet herbs, powdered mace, and salt and pepper. Add half as much bread-crumbs as fish, mix with the unbeaten white of egg and a little melted butter, shape into small flat cakes, dredge with flour, and fry in butter.
Mix cold cooked flaked fish with a little very thick Cream Sauce, and season with lemon-juice and minced parsley. Shape into chops, dip in egg and crumbs, and fry in deep fat. Stick a small piece of macaroni in the small end of each chop to represent the bone. Serve with Tartar Sauce.
CHARTREUSE OF FISH—I
Butter a small mould and put in alternate layers of seasoned mashed potatoes, cold cooked flaked fish, seasoned, and sliced hard-boiled eggs. Pour over enough cream to moisten, cover with potatoes and steam for twenty minutes. Turn out on a hot platter, garnish with parsley, and serve with any preferred sauce.
CHARTREUSE OF FISH—II
Mix one cupful of stale bread-crumbs with two cupfuls of cold cooked flaked fish and two eggs well-beaten. Season to taste, adding a little Worcestershire Sauce. Put into a buttered mould, steam for thirty minutes, and serve with any preferred sauce.
Skin three or four pounds of fresh fish and cut into convenient pieces for serving. Cut a quarter of a pound of fat salt pork into dice, and fry crisp. Skim out the dice and fry two sliced onions brown in the fat. Strain the fat into a deep kettle, cover with sliced raw potatoes, add the fish, salt and pepper to season, and enough boiling water or fish stock to cover. Simmer slowly until the fish is almost done, add two tablespoonfuls of butter, half a dozen split Boston crackers, four cupfuls of boiling milk, and the onion and pork dice. Reheat and serve.
COQUILLES OF FISH
Flake cold boiled fish and mix it with Cream Sauce. Season with anchovy essence, salt and pepper, then fill buttered shells with the mixture, cover with fried crumbs, heat thoroughly in the oven, and serve.
COURT BOUILLON FISH
Slice the fish in pieces (red fish is best), season with salt and pepper, and boil until done. Put two tablespoonfuls of butter into a frying-pan, when hot slice in one large onion and brown it, add one-half can of tomatoes, season with one teaspoonful of pepper, one-half teaspoonful of allspice, some finely chopped parsley, and one-half cupful of tomato catsup. Just before it begins to boil add one wineglassful of good Claret. Cut some bread into small cubes, fry in butter to garnish the dish. Place the fish in the centre of the platter, pour the gravy over and garnish with the bread cubes.
FISH À LA CRÈME—I
Reheat cold cooked fish, flaked, in a Cream Sauce.
FISH À LA CRÈME—II
Butter a stoneware platter and put upon it cold cooked flaked fish mixed with Cream Sauce. Sprinkle with crumbs, dot with butter, and surround with a border of mashed potato mixed with beaten egg, using a pastry bag and tube. Sprinkle with cheese and bake in the oven.
FISH À LA CRÈME—III
Scald one quart of milk in a double-boiler with a blade of mace, a bay-leaf, and a sprig of parsley. Thicken with one tablespoonful each of corn-starch and butter rubbed together. Take from the fire, add salt and pepper to season, and the beaten yolks of two eggs. Put a layer of fish in a buttered baking-dish, then a layer of sauce, and repeat until the dish is full, having sauce on top. Cover with crumbs, dot with butter, and brown in the oven.
Mix cold cooked flaked fish with Cream Sauce and season to taste. Peel large cucumbers, cut in two lengthwise, boil until tender in salted water, scoop out the pulp, and fill with the hot fish. Cover with crumbs, dot with butter, and brown in the oven.
CREAMED FISH WITH OYSTERS
Reheat cold cooked flaked fish with an equal quantity of oysters in Cream Sauce. Simmer until the edges of the oysters curl.
CREAMED FISH ON TOAST
Mix cold cooked flaked fish with Cream Sauce, season with lemon-juice, pour over hot buttered toast, and serve.
FISH À LA CRÈOLE
Chop an onion and a clove of garlic and fry in lard. Add three tablespoonfuls of flour, cook until brown, and add one can of strained tomatoes. Have the fish cut into convenient pieces for serving, dredge with seasoned flour, and sauté in butter until brown. Pour the sauce over, simmer until done, and serve.
Mix cold cooked flaked fish with one-third the quantity of mashed potatoes and add enough Drawn-Butter Sauce to make a smooth paste, season with salt, pepper, and Worcestershire, cool, shape into croquettes, dip in egg and crumbs, and fry in deep fat.
Prepare a very thick Cream Sauce and mix it with twice as much cold cooked fish flaked fine. Season to taste and cool. Add bread-crumbs or an egg, or both, if the mixture is not stiff enough. Shape into croquettes, dip in egg and crumbs, fry in deep fat, and serve with any preferred sauce.
Fry two chopped onions in butter and add a tablespoonful of flour mixed with a teaspoonful of curry powder. Add two cupfuls of water or stock and cook until thick, stirring constantly. Reheat in this sauce cold cooked flaked fish; take from the fire, season with salt, pepper, and lemon-juice, and serve in a border of boiled rice.
Season cold cooked flaked fish with grated onion and lemon-juice and reheat in Curry Sauce.
Fry two chopped onions in butter and add enough flour to make a smooth paste. Add enough stock to make the required quantity of sauce, and cook until thick, stirring constantly. Season highly with salt, pepper, lemon-juice, cayenne, curry powder, and a little sugar. Reheat cold boiled fish in this sauce and serve with boiled rice.
Fry a chopped onion in butter, and add enough curry powder to season highly. Add a cupful of stock or milk, and cold cooked fish cut into small slices. Simmer for ten minutes, sprinkle with chopped parsley, and serve.
CURRIED FISH IN RAMEKINS
Reheat cold cooked flaked fish in Curry Sauce, fill buttered individual dishes, cover with crumbs, dot with butter, sprinkle with grated cheese, and brown in the oven.
Mix cold cooked flaked fish with very thick Cream Sauce and season to taste. Shape into cutlets, dip in egg and crumbs, and fry in deep fat.
Make a paste with a teaspoonful of dry mustard, two tablespoonfuls of butter, and lemon-juice, seasoning with salt and cayenne. Fill small buttered shells with cold cooked flaked fish, spread with the paste, cover with crumbs, dot with butter, and brown in the oven.
Mix cold cooked flaked fish with Cream Sauce and chopped hard-boiled eggs, seasoning with salt, pepper, minced parsley, and made mustard. Fill small shells—clam shells are usually used—and cool. Brush the tops with beaten egg, sprinkle with crumbs, and fry in deep fat. Serve with Tartar Sauce.
Mix together one tablespoonful each of mustard, lemon-juice, and hot water, add a teaspoonful of Worcestershire, and salt and paprika to season. Broil the fish until it begins to brown, spread with the mixture, dip in crumbs, and finish broiling. Serve with Tartar Sauce.
Reheat equal quantities of cold cooked flaked fish and cold cooked maraconi cut small in equal parts of tomato sauce and oyster liquor. Season with salt and pepper, grated onion, paprika, and minced parsley. If desired, this mixture may be put into a buttered baking-dish, covered with crumbs, dotted with butter, and browned in the oven.
Fill a buttered baking-dish half full of cold cooked flaked fish seasoned to taste. Cover with Cream Sauce, seasoned with grated onion, chopped celery, minced parsley, and clove. Cover with mashed potato, beaten light with the stiffly beaten white of egg, dot with butter, and brown in the oven. Cream may be used instead of the Cream Sauce.
Mix cold baked flaked fish with the remnants of the stuffing. Arrange in a buttered baking-dish with alternate layers of seasoned cracker crumbs, having crumbs on top. Pour over enough cream to moisten, and bake brown.
Into a well-buttered baking-dish put a layer of cold baked fish flaked. Add a layer of the stuffing, if any, sprinkle with crumbs, dot with butter, and repeat until the dish is full, having crumbs and butter on top. Pour over enough cream or Cream Sauce to moisten, and bake until well browned.
ESCALLOPED FISH AU GRATIN
Add one egg well-beaten to three cupfuls of seasoned mashed potato. Make a border of the potato around a stoneware platter. Put a layer of Béchamel Sauce on the bottom of the platter, then a layer of cold cooked flaked fish, cover with sauce, sprinkle with crumbs and grated cheese, dot with butter, and brown in the oven. Serve in the same dish.
ESCALLOPED FISH IN SHELLS
Allow one cupful of Cream Sauce to each cupful of cold cooked flaked fish, seasoning with salt, pepper, grated onion, and lemon-juice. Add chopped hard-boiled eggs if desired, or the yolk of one egg beaten smooth with a little hot cream. Fill buttered shells with the mixture, cover with crumbs, dot with butter, and brown in the oven. Sprinkle also with minced parsley or grated Parmesan cheese, or sweet green pepper.
Clean a fish thoroughly and take the flesh carefully from the skin. Do not injure the skin. Take out the bones, chop the meat fine, and mix with an equal quantity of bread-crumbs. Season with grated onion, salt, pepper, grated nutmeg, and minced parsley. Add half a cupful of butter, half a cupful of blanched and pounded almonds, three whole eggs, and the yolks of two more. Fill the skin, preserving the natural shape of the fish, and sew up. Simmer in court bouillon until done, drain, and stick the body of the fish full of blanched almonds shredded. Strain the liquid in which the fish was cooked, thicken with butter and flour cooked together, season with lemon-juice, pour around the fish, and serve.
Mix any cold cooked flaked fish with an equal quantity of mashed potatoes, seasoning with grated onion. Make into a paste with beaten egg, shape into balls, dredge with flour, and fry in deep fat. Dip in egg and crumbs before frying if desired.
FISH IN GREEN PEPPERS
Prepare Creamed Fish according to directions previously given. Cut a slice from the pointed ends of green peppers, and remove the seeds carefully. Stuff with the fish mixture, sprinkle with crumbs, and lay a bit of butter on top of each one. Put into a baking-pan with a little hot water and bake carefully, basting as required.
Cut salt pork into dice, fry crisp, and skim out the pork. Mix together equal parts of cold cooked flaked fish and cooked potatoes, cut small. Season to taste and cook slowly in the pork fat until brown. Arrange the dice around the platter as a garnish.
JELLIED FISH SALAD
Mix cold flaked fish, which has been cooked in court bouillon, with Mayonnaise. Add sufficient soaked and dissolved gelatine to make the mixture very hard. One package of gelatine will solidify one quart of the mixture. Pour into a mould wet in cold water and put on the ice to harden. Turn out and serve with a garnish of hard-boiled eggs and lettuce.
Prepare a Cream Sauce, take from the fire, season to taste, and add two eggs well-beaten. Add cold cooked flaked fish and boiled rice in equal parts, seasoning the rice with salt, pepper, cayenne, mace, and melted butter. Reheat and serve.
Moisten cold flaked fish with one egg beaten with two tablespoonfuls of milk and a tablespoonful of melted butter. Heat thoroughly in a double-boiler, season to taste, and serve with rice which has been cooked for ten minutes in stock.
Cook together for five minutes one cupful of cold cooked flaked fish, one cupful of cold boiled rice, one hard-boiled egg chopped fine, a tablespoonful of butter, and salt, red pepper, and curry powder to season. Serve on buttered toast.
Prepare according to directions given above, adding chopped onion and garlic, and a little lemon-juice to the seasoning.
Line a buttered baking-dish with mashed potato that has been well seasoned with pepper and salt, and made light with well-beaten eggs. Fill the centre with Creamed Fish, seasoned to taste, cover with more mashed potato, rub with butter, and bake until the top is nicely browned. Serve in the same dish.
FISH WITH LEMON SAUCE
Put to boil in a wide porcelain-lined kettle sufficient water to cook the fish. Add one-half cupful of vinegar, and one-half cupful of wine. Add a heaping tablespoonful of butter, and when melted, put in the slices of fish, which have already been seasoned. Boil until the fish is tender. In the meantime, beat the yolks of four eggs until light with half a cupful of sugar, and the juice of two lemons. Remove one cupful of fish stock from the kettle with the fish. Let boil until thoroughly mixed, shaking the pan to prevent curdling. Put on a serving-dish, and garnish with slices of lemon and parsley.
BAKED FISH WITH LEMON SAUCE
Bake the fish in a pan with water and butter, taking care to add water when all in the pan has been absorbed. When the fish is done, drain off all the gravy which is in the pan, and put on the stove to boil with one cupful of white wine. Beat the yolks of four eggs with one-half cupful of sugar, stir a little wine in, add the juice of two lemons, put back on the stove to thicken, and just before serving, pour the sauce over the fish. Half the quantity of sauce can be used for a small family.
CREAM LEMON FISH
Boil the sliced fish until tender, in enough water to cover, to which a lump of butter, half a cupful of vinegar, and salt and pepper have been added. Beat the yolks of two eggs and two teaspoonfuls of sugar, and add the juice of one lemon. Take the fish out of the water, and put on the platter in which it is to be served. Thicken the gravy with flour that has first been dissolved in a little water. When thick, pour two cupfuls of the gravy over the eggs and lemon, stirring all the time. When cold, add one-half cupful of cream whipped stiff, and pour over the fish.
Cover the bottom of an earthen baking-dish with sliced onion, add a thick layer of sliced raw potatoes, seasoning with salt and red pepper. Cover with a layer of fish, add a layer of sliced tomatoes, cover with raw potato, and fill the bowl with stock or water in which one-half cupful of butter has been melted. Bake for two hours in a slow oven.
STEWED FISH À LA MARSEILLES
Cook three pounds of fish with a crab in equal parts of hot water and cider, seasoning with minced garlic, parsley, and thyme, a bay-leaf, and a clove. Cook for half an hour and thicken with a tablespoonful each of butter and flour cooked together. Add the yolks of two eggs beaten with a little cold water, and salt, pepper, and lemon-juice to season. Add a green pepper chopped fine, and two pods of okra. Simmer for fifteen minutes and serve in the dish in which it is cooked.
FISH EN MATELOTE—I
Cut any firm-fleshed fish into strips and season with salt and pepper. Parboil two sliced onions, drain, season, add a cupful of hot water and half a cupful of Sherry. Add the fish and simmer until done. Thicken with butter cooked in flour, and serve.
FISH EN MATELOTE—II
Cut three or four kinds of fish into convenient pieces for serving, and sprinkle with salt and pepper. Cover with water and Claret in equal parts, and add parsley, thyme, and bay-leaves to season. Simmer until done. Take the fish up carefully and strain the cooking liquor. Fry a dozen or more small white onions brown in butter. Add two tablespoonfuls of flour and the liquid drained from the fish. Cook until thick, stirring constantly, and add boiling water or stock, if too thick. When the onions are done, take from the fire, season with lemon-juice, add a few cooked mushrooms, pour over the fish, and serve.
MATELOTE OF FISH À LA NORMANDY
Fry brown in butter with sliced onions two pounds of fresh sliced fish, using several kinds. Add two tablespoonfuls of flour, half a dozen sliced mushrooms, salt, pepper, and lemon-juice to season, a pinch of sweet herbs, and Claret and stock in equal parts to cover. Simmer for half an hour and serve in a casserole.
Mince enough uncooked white fish to make two cups, add one cupful of soft bread-crumbs and one-half cupful of cream. Press through a colander, season with salt, pepper, lemon-juice, a suspicion of mace, and Worcestershire Sauce. Fold in carefully the beaten whites of four eggs. Turn into buttered moulds (round bottomed ones) and steam one-half hour. Turn out on separate plates, surround with the sauce, and drop tiny balls of boiled potato in the sauce. For sauce, make a stock of the fish bones and add to it two tablespoonfuls of butter and two of flour cooked together. There should be one and one-half cupfuls of stock. Add one-half cupful of cream; and, when boiling, salt, pepper, and one tablespoonful of grated horse-radish soaked in lemon-juice.
MOULD OF FISH
Line a buttered mould with seasoned mashed potato and fill the centre with alternate layers of Creamed Fish and sliced hard-boiled eggs. Cover with the potato and steam or bake. Turn out and serve with any preferred sauce.
Mix cold cooked flaked fish with Cream Sauce and put into buttered patty-shells with alternate layers of crumbs. Sprinkle with crumbs, dot with butter, and brown in the oven.
Reheat cold cooked flaked fish in Béchamel Sauce, adding a few cooked mushrooms. Fill patty-shells and brown in the oven.
FISH AND OYSTER PIE
Butter a baking-dish and put in a layer of cold cooked fish, seasoning with pepper and salt. Sprinkle with bread-crumbs, add a layer of oysters, and season with nutmeg and minced parsley. Repeat until the dish is full. Cover with crumbs and dot with butter, or with a rich biscuit dough, and bake. If the biscuit crust is used, rub with butter, and bake until brown.
Soak one cupful of stale bread-crumbs in milk, add two tablespoonfuls of melted butter, salt, pepper, minced parsley, and thyme to season, and beat until smooth. Skin and bone two medium-sized fish, using bass, cod, flounder, or mackerel. Scrape and pound half of the flesh and add it to the bread paste. Cut the rest of the fish into slices, season it, and arrange in layers in a deep baking-dish, spreading each layer with the paste and seasoning. Cover with thin slices of bacon and pour over one cupful of stock. Cover the pie with pastry, leaving a hole in the middle for the steam to escape. Cover with buttered paper and bake for three hours in a slow oven. Take off the paper, brown the crust, and pour into the hole half a cupful of stock to which a tablespoonful of Sherry or white wine has been added. Serve cold.
NORMANDY FISH PIE
Fill a baking-dish with any kind of fish, freed from skin, fat, and bone, and cut into small pieces. Season with minced parsley, grated nutmeg, salt, cayenne, black pepper, and mushroom catsup. Moisten with white wine and brandy in equal parts, cover, bake, and serve very hot.
Boil the fish whole in water seasoned well with onion, celery, salt, red pepper, and a tiny bit of garlic. When tender, drain, and put on a platter. Mix a lump of butter the size of an egg with three tablespoonfuls of flour, then add the juice of one or two lemons (according to size). Stir into this three cupfuls of the water in which the fish was boiled, put back on the stove, and stir until thickened. Remove from the fire, pour over the well-beaten yolks of two eggs, add some cut up pickles and olives, pour over the fish, and garnish with parsley or celery tops.
Cut any kind of fish into pieces, dredge with flour, and fry. Cover with hot vinegar, adding a sprig of mint, and a pod of pepper. Let cool in the liquid, drain, and serve very cold.
Cut any firm-fleshed fish into small pieces, dredge with seasoned flour, and fry brown in butter. Cover with boiling water to which half a cupful of vinegar has been added. Add a chopped onion, two tablespoonfuls of olive-oil, and a teaspoonful each of ground mace, cloves, and allspice. Simmer for an hour and serve very hot.
Pound cold cooked flaked fish to a paste, seasoning highly with salt, mustard, red and black pepper. Add melted butter to moisten, pack closely in small stone jars or cups and steam for half an hour. Cover with melted butter and keep in a cool place until ready to use.
Cut the fish into convenient pieces for serving. For every six pounds of fish allow one-fourth cupful each of salt, black pepper, and stick cinnamon, one-eighth cupful of allspice and one teaspoonful of clove. Put a layer of the fish in the bottom of an earthen pot, dredge with flour, sprinkle with spices, dot with butter, and continue until the dish is full. Fill the jar with equal parts of vinegar and water, cover tightly, and bake for five hours in a slow oven. Serve cold.
Clean, skin, split, bone, and cut in small pieces three shad or half a dozen small mackerel. Pack in layers in a small stone jar, sprinkling each layer with salt, cayenne, and whole spices. Cover with vinegar, close the jar tightly, and bake for five or six hours in a slow oven. Let stand for two or three days before using. All the small bones will be dissolved.
RÉCHAUFFÉ OF FISH—I
Take two cupfuls of cold cooked flaked fish and put into the chafing dish with two tablespoonfuls of butter, one cupful of crumbs, salt and pepper to season, and one egg beaten smooth with half a cupful of cream. Simmer for five or six minutes.
RÉCHAUFFÉ OF FISH—II
Reheat one cupful of cooked flaked fish and one cupful of cooked macaroni in butter. Season with salt, pepper, and tabasco sauce, and add one cupful of stewed and strained tomatoes. Heat thoroughly and serve.
RÉCHAUFFÉ OF FISH—III
Prepare a Cream Sauce, using for liquid equal parts of cream and fish stock. Add cold cooked flaked fish which has been seasoned with salt, pepper, oil, and lemon-juice. Reheat, season with anchovy paste and minced parsley, and serve.
RÉCHAUFFÉ OF FISH—IV
Allow one cupful of Egg Sauce and four cupfuls of mashed potato to each two cupfuls of cold cooked flaked fish. Put a layer of potato in a baking-dish, lay the fish upon it, add the sauce, cover with potato, spread with melted butter, and brown in the oven.
RÉCHAUFFÉ OF FISH—V
Brown a tablespoonful of flour in butter, add two cupfuls of milk, and cook until thick, stirring constantly. Season with salt, pepper, cayenne, ginger, and mace. Reheat cold cooked flaked fish in the sauce.
RÉCHAUFFÉ OF FISH—VI
Reheat one and one-half cupfuls of stewed and strained tomatoes, seasoning with salt and pepper. Warm cold cooked flaked fish in the sauce, take from the fire, add the yolk of an egg beaten with a little cold water, and serve. The fish may be put on a serving-dish and the sauce poured over it if desired.
FISH À LA REINE—I
Mix one pound of cold cooked flaked fish with Cream Sauce, seasoning with salt, pepper, and minced parsley. Add three chopped mushrooms and the yolk of one egg well-beaten and reheat, but do not boil. Serve in paper cases or shells.
FISH À LA REINE—II
Reheat cold cooked flaked fish in a Cream Sauce, seasoning with pepper, salt, and minced parsley. Add a cupful of chopped cooked mushrooms, and when very hot, take from the fire and stir in the beaten yolks of two eggs. Serve in patty-shells or individual dishes.
Flake cold cooked fish, add one-third the quantity of grated bread-crumbs, season with salt, pepper, grated onion, and melted butter, and add enough well-beaten yolk of egg to make a smooth paste. Cut pie-paste into three-inch squares. Place a teaspoonful of the minced fish in each square and cover with the paste. Wet the edges to make sure they adhere. Dip the rissoles in egg and crumbs, and fry in deep fat.
Season a cupful of cold cooked flaked fish with salt, pepper, and melted butter. Soak a French roll soft in half a cupful of milk, add the fish, and beat until smooth. Season with a little grated onion and mix with two eggs well-beaten. Bake in small buttered cups, turn out, and serve with any preferred sauce.
Cut a large fish into slices and boil the trimmings in water to cover with a chopped onion, a little butter, and pepper and salt to season. Boil for fifteen minutes, strain, and simmer the sliced fish in it until done. Take up the fish carefully and squeeze the juice of three lemons into the liquid. Season with cayenne, take from the fire and add the yolks of six eggs and the whites of three beaten with a little cold water. Reheat but do not boil; pour over the fish and let cool. Serve very cold.
FISH SALAD À LA TYROLIENNE
Add one cupful of cooked shrimps, cut into dice, to two cupfuls of cold cooked flaked fish. Mix with four tablespoonfuls of vinegar, two tablespoonfuls of capers, a pinch of celery seed, and a little pepper. Add one green pepper freed from seeds and shredded. Mix with Mayonnaise and serve on lettuce leaves with a garnish of hard-boiled eggs.
Cover the trimmings of a large fish with cold water, boil for half an hour, and strain. Add two fried onions and cover the fish with the liquid. Add the juice of half a lemon and one tablespoonful of butter and two tablespoonfuls of flour cooked to a smooth paste. Simmer until the fish is done, season with salt, pepper, minced parsley, and mushroom catsup, add one quart of parboiled oysters, and serve.
Boil three sliced onions in water to cover until tender, and drain. Season the onions with salt, pepper, cloves, mace, and allspice. Cover with thick slices of fish. Add white wine or Claret and water in equal parts to cover, and bring to the boil. Simmer until the fish is done, and thicken the liquid with butter and flour cooked together.
STEWED OR SHARP FISH
Put in a fish-kettle on the stove one tablespoonful of fresh butter, when melted add half an onion cut fine, a tiny piece of garlic, cut fine; let brown, then add a tablespoonful of flour, lightly browned, and enough water to cook the fish. To this liquor add some cut up celery or celery seed, some finely chopped parsley, two cloves, one bay-leaf, a tiny pinch of mace, a small pinch of cayenne pepper, some black pepper, a little ginger, and one tablespoonful of fresh butter. When this mixture begins to boil, add the fish, which has been cut up, and salted. Cook until done. Remove the fish to a platter, and add to the liquor one cupful of sweet milk, stirring constantly; boil for one minute, then pour over the beaten yolks of two eggs, stirring all the time. Slice a lemon over the fish, then pour the liquor over. Serve hot or cold.
SWEET SOUR FISH
First cut up and salt the fish. Shad or trout is best. Put in a fish-kettle with one and one-half cupfuls of water and one cupful of vinegar, add one onion cut in slices, one dozen raisins, one lemon cut in slices, two bay-leaves, and six cloves. When this mixture begins to boil, put in the fish and cook thoroughly. When done, remove the fish to a platter. Put the liquor back on the stove, add three tablespoonfuls of granulated sugar (which has been melted and browned in a frying pan), then add two tablespoonfuls of flour which has been rubbed smooth with a little water. Let boil well and pour over the fish. If not sweet enough, add more sugar. Serve cold.
SWEET SOUR FISH WITH WINE
Put to boil in a fish-kettle one cupful of water, one-half cupful of vinegar, two tablespoonfuls of brown sugar, six cloves, one-half teaspoonful of ground cinnamon, and one onion cut in slices. Boil thoroughly, then strain and add to it one lemon cut in slices, one wineglassful of red wine, one dozen raisins, and one tablespoonful of pounded almonds. Return to the fire, and when it comes to a boil, add the fish, cut up and salted. Cook until done, remove the fish to a platter, and to the liquor add a small piece of Leb-kuchen or ginger cake, and stir in the well-beaten yolks of four eggs; stir carefully or it will curdle. If not sweet enough, add more sugar. Pour over the fish. Shad or trout is the best fish to use.
Cook together for ten minutes one cupful of vinegar, one tablespoonful of sugar, and six each of whole allspice, cloves, and peppercorns. Strain over two cupfuls of cold cooked flaked fish, and serve very cold.
Cool five pounds of sliced fish in salted water, drain, cool, and skin. Boil together a quart of vinegar, two blades of mace, a small onion sliced, a small red pepper, two tablespoonfuls of grated horse-radish, six cloves, a bay-leaf, a tablespoonful of mustard seed, and half a cupful of water. Put the fish into an earthen jar, pour over the hot spiced vinegar and let stand in a cold place for two days before using.
Pound in a mortar one pound of fresh raw fish and press through a purée sieve. To every cupful of fish pulp add a tablespoonful of bread-crumbs soaked until soft in cream. Add also the beaten yolk of one egg, and salt, pepper, grated onion, and nutmeg to season. Beat thoroughly, and for every cupful of pulp, fold in the whites of two eggs beaten stiff. Fill a well-buttered mould three-quarters full, set it into a pan of warm water, cover with buttered paper, and bake for twenty minutes. Do not let the water boil. Turn out on a platter and serve with any preferred sauce.
Run through a meat-chopper twice half a pound of white fleshed fish. Add one cupful of soft bread-crumbs which have been boiled to a smooth paste in a little milk. Cool, add to the fish, press through a sieve, add six tablespoonfuls of cream, and salt and pepper to season. Fold in carefully the stiffly beaten whites of five eggs. Butter a small timbale mould, fill with the mixture, and put in a baking-pan half full of boiling water. Cover with buttered paper, bake for twenty minutes, and serve with Cream Sauce.
Chop cold cooked fish fine and mix to a smooth paste with bread-crumbs soaked in milk. Season with melted butter and grated onion and moisten with the beaten yolks of eggs. Bake in buttered individual moulds, turn out, and serve with a sauce made of one cupful of stewed and strained tomatoes mixed with a wineglassful of Sherry and half a cupful of cream, and thickened with the beaten yolks of two eggs. Add a few shrimps and cooked oysters to the sauce, pour around the timbales, and serve.
Chop fine one cupful of raw fish and rub it through a sieve. Season with salt, pepper, and grated onion, and add a dozen blanched almonds, chopped fine. Fold in one cupful of whipped cream and the whites of four eggs beaten very stiff. Fill small buttered moulds, set into a pan of hot water, and bake carefully.
Add one cupful of cold cooked flaked fish to one cupful of very thick Cream Sauce and season with salt, cayenne, lemon-juice, and minced parsley. Take from the fire, add the yolks of three eggs, well-beaten, and cool. Fold in the whites of three eggs beaten stiff, fill buttered individual moulds two-thirds full, set into a pan of hot water, and bake for fifteen or twenty minutes. Serve with any preferred sauce.
TURBAN OF FISH—I
Prepare a Cream Sauce, seasoning with grated onion, powdered mace, minced parsley, and lemon-juice. Add the yolks of two eggs. Put a layer of cold cooked flaked fish in a buttered baking-dish, season with salt, pepper, and lemon-juice, spread with the sauce, and repeat until the dish is full. Cover with crumbs, dot with butter, sprinkle with grated Parmesan cheese, and brown in the oven.
TURBAN OF FISH—II
Cut thin slices of fish into narrow strips, remove the skin, dip in seasoned oil, and roll up, fastening with wooden toothpicks. Dip in seasoned flour or in beaten egg and crumbs, fry in deep fat, and serve with any preferred sauce. If preferred do not roll the fish, but fry the strips straight.
Reheat any kind of cold cooked fish in a Cream Sauce, adding the beaten yolk of an egg to the sauce. Put into a buttered baking-dish, cover with crumbs, dot with butter, sprinkle with grated Parmesan cheese if desired, and bake brown, or put the fish and the sauce in the baking-pan in separate layers.
Mix cold cooked flaked fish with Cream Sauce, seasoning with salt, pepper, lemon-juice, and minced parsley. Add the yolks of two eggs, beaten with a little milk, and heat thoroughly, but do not boil. Spread on very hot buttered toast.
FISH À LA VINAIGRETTE
Flake cold cooked fish and arrange on a platter with a border of lettuce leaves. Pour over it a French dressing to which chopped olives, capers, and pickles have been added.